On October 8 2013, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced that the Nobel Prize in Physics 2013 was awarded jointly to FranÃ§ois Englert from the UniversitÃ© Libre de Bruxelles and Peter W. Higgs from the University of Edinburgh, "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".
FranÃ§ois Englert together with his now deceased colleague Robert Brout and independently Peter Higgs proposed in 1964 the spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism to provide a mass to the elementary particles. The mechanism implies the existence of a particle : a scalar boson.
Taken together the works of Brout-Englert and Higgs provided the key elements to build the Standard Model of elementary particles.
FranÃ§ois Englert has been previously awarded numerous prizes :
Englert received the 2013 Prince of Asturias Award in technical and scientific research, together with Peter Higgs and the CERN.